The Gulf of Suez is a wide shallow basin with an average water depth of 20 to 30m. The water depth in the central part of the basin reaches 80 m at the entrance to the Red Sea. High salinity and relatively low water currents characterize the hydrological regime. Because of the arid desert conditions surrounding the Gulf and with hardly any freshwater input, the Gulf waters have a salinity of up to 43,000 ppm
Surface water temperatures reach 25°C in August and fall to 19°C in February. The air temperature is usually at a minimum of 17°C in January and at a maximum of 29°C in July. Extremes values as low as 1°C and as high as 44°C have been recorded.
Winds are predominantly northerly to north-westerly, with the chance of southern winds during January and February. When the southerly winds are strong, they may cause dust and sandstorms over the land areas.
The sea current pattern is a sum of tidal and non-tidal currents and has a general direction parallel to the axis of the Gulf, North-West to South-East. Currents are semidiurnal and flow north-east on the rising tide and south-east on the falling tide. Current strength averages 75 cm/sec at spring tides and 25 cm/sec at neap tides. Strong local winds with a direction parallel to the long axis of the Gulf may produce unexpected strong wave fields.
On the western shore (Zeit Bay field), rainfall is scarce with an average of 3 mm/year, mainly in the form of heavy rain in November or December. On the eastern shore (Ras Budran field), a slightly higher average of 15 mm/year is observed. Rain occurs mainly in the period from October to April.
A particular feature of the wind regime is the daily land and sea breezes caused by the intense solar heating of the land during the day. This leads to a sea breeze developing to its maximum strength in early to mid afternoon, with a reversed flow at night as the land cools, with strongest land breezes around dawn.
Disouq field is located in Kafr El Sheikh Governorate at the Nile Delta, a region that is rich in gas deposits. Gas production was launched in September 2013. The gas produced in the course of this project is intended to make a substantial contribution towards supplying the growing energy market in Egypt.